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Suprarenal Cancer



The suprarenal glands are two small organs located exactly above the left and right kidney. Each gland measures 5 cm approximately x 3 cm x 1 cm and weighs 4.5 grams approximately. The glands consist of two parts: the internal part, the adrenal marrow, and an external part, the adrenal cortex. Each part of the functions of the gland is independent from the other part.

The suprarenal glands produce a variety of hormones. The adrenal marrow produces two hormones, the adrenaline and noradrenaline, also well-known as epinephrine and norepinephrine. These hormones are important in the regulation of many functions in the organism, including the heart frequency and blood pressure. The adrenal cortex produces three important hormones: the aldosterone, the cortisol and the Dehiepiandrosterone. The aldosterone regulates the kidneys salt and water absorption, as well as the blood pressure. The cortisol acts to regulate a series of corporal functions, including the metabolism of the glucose, the metabolism of the proteins, the growth of the bone, the blood pressure and the activity of the immune system.

Now a day’s most of them are detected in an incidental way in x-ray tests, others by the alterations in the hormonal regulation of which the gland is responsible


Cáncer suprarrenal  

Treatment
The best treatment for this pathology is the surgery, in the laparoscopic modality.

Laparoscopic adrenalectomy
The laparoscopic adrenalectomy offers the patients a safe and effective way to eliminate the suprarenal gland. The laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a minimal invasive technique that has been carried out during more than fifteen years and offers to the patients, with less pain, equivalent results in comparison with the traditional open surgery. This technique can be applied in a safe way to eliminate the adrenal glands with cancer, or with excessive production of hormones. The laparoscopic adrenalectomy has also demonstrated to same effective controlling the cancer in comparison with the open surgery.


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