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Kidney Cancer
The kidneys are a couple of organs that are located in the low region of the back, covered by the muscles of the same one and forward by the abdominal cavity

Kidneys have important functions to filter the urine and with it to eliminate the toxic waste of the body: In them there can develop benign and malignant tumors (carcinoma) as well as cysts that are collections of liquid.

Most of the renal tumors are detected when the patients are subjected to radiological studies and incidental discovering. If this happens the lesions are small and the cure rate is of approximately 90%. it is important to mention that until now there is not specific analysis of blood that can detect the renal carcinoma.

Several options exist for the patients with renal carcinoma.

Small renal tumors in patients of advanced age or people with multiple medical problems can be followed by studies of X-rays each 6 to 12 months.

Located renal tumors are better managed by means of the surgical extirpation. For tumors smaller than size of 5 cm in the x-ray, it is possible to extirpate them without necessity of extirpating the whole kidney. This depends on the localization of the tumor. For bigger tumors, the whole kidney is removed, possibly with the adrenal gland and the lymphatic ganglion. The surgery can also be recommended in patients that present significant symptoms of their tumors and advanced illness. It can be beneficial in patients selected with tumor metastasis, to extirpate the kidney. Most of the kidney surgery can be carried out through the robotic laparoscopic procedure.

You should know that all patients with kidney malignant tumors, although receiving a successfully surgery, later on they will need surveillance.

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Simple and radical robotic laparoscopic nephrectomy
Since its discovery, the laparoscopic nephrectomy has demonstrated that it provides the patients in a safe and effective way, the extirpation of a sick kidney. The laparoscopic nephrectomy is a minimal invasive technique that causes less discomfort with equivalent results in comparison with the traditional open surgery. This technique can be safely used to eliminate the cancer kidneys, infection or obstruction.

In comparison with the conventional open surgery technique, the laparoscopic nephrectomy has been significantly translated into less postoperative pain, a briefer hospital stay, return to the work and the daily activities in a briefer way and a more favorable aesthetic result. When it is used to treat the cancer, the laparoscopic nephrectomy has also been demonstrated to provide the identical cure in comparison with the open surgery.

Robotic laparoscopic partial nephrectomy
The laparoscopic partial nephrectomy offers the patients a safe and effective way to eliminate a small renal tumor, preserving at the same time the rest of the kidney. The laparoscopic surgery is a minimal invasive technique that provides to the patients, with less discomfort, equivalent results in comparison with the traditional open surgery.

In comparison with the conventional technique of open surgery, the laparoscopic partial nephrectomy has given place to less postoperative pain, a briefer hospital stay, return to the work and daily activities in a briefer way, a more favorable aesthetic result and its results seem to be identical to those of the open surgery. The partial nephrectomy has become a standard procedure for the patients selected with carcinoma of renal cells and small tumors. Whenever it is possible, it is preferable to leave part of the kidneys to increase to the maximum the global renal function. Also, it is possible that the kidney tumors can develop in the opposed normal kidney. The size sometimes contraindicates the partial nephrectomy and it is necessary to carry out a radical procedure.

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